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Jakarta
 

History

Map showing Jakarta within Indonesia The port of Sunda Kelapa dates to the 12th century, when it served the Sundanese kingdom of Pajajaran near present-day Bogor. The first Europeans to arrive were the Portuguese, who were given the permission by the Hindu Kingdom of Pakuan Pajajaran to erect a godown in 1522. Control was still firmly in local hands, and in 1527 the city was conquered by Prince Fatahillah, a Muslim prince from Cirebon , who changed the name to Jayakarta.

Jakarta- Indonesia

 

By the end of the 16th century, however, the Dutch (led by Jan Pieterszoon Coen) had pretty much taken over the port city, and the razing of a competing English fort in 1619 secured their hold on the island. Under the name Batavia , the new Dutch town became the capital of the Dutch East Indies and was known as the Queen of the East.

 

However, the Dutch made the mistake of attempting to replicate Holland by digging canals throughout the malarial swamps in the area, resulting in shockingly high death rates and earning the town the epithet White Man's Graveyard. In the early 1800's most canals were filled in, the town was shifted 4 kilometers inland and the Pearl of the Orient flourished once again.

 

In 1740, there was a rebellion by Chinese slaves against Dutch. The rebellion was put down harshly with the massacre of thousands of Chinese slaves. The remaining Chinese slaves were exiled to Sri Lanka .

 

In 1795, the Netherlands were invaded and occupied by France , and on March 17, 1798, the Batavian Republic , a satellite state of France , took over both VOC debts and assets. But on August 26, 1811, a British expedition led by Lord Minto defeated the French/Dutch troops in Jakarta , leading to a brief occupation of Indonesia by the British (led by Sir Stamford Raffles of Singapore fame) in 1811-1816. In 1815, after the Congress of Vienna, Indonesia was officially handed over from the British to the Dutch government.

 

The name Jakarta was adopted as a short form of Jayakarta when the city conquered by the Japanese in 1942. After the war, the Indonesian war of independence followed, with the capital briefly shifted out to Yogyakarta after the Dutch attacked. The war lasted until 1949, when the Dutch accepted Indonesian independence and handed back the town, which became Indonesia 's capital again.

 

Since independence Jakarta 's population has skyrocketed, mostly thanks to migrants coming to the city in search of wealth. The entire Jabotabek (Jakarta-Bogor-Tangerang-Bekasi) region is estimated to have 16-18 million people, a figure projected to double to 30 million by 2016. The official name of the city is Daerah Khusus Ibukota Jakarta Raya (DKI Jakarta), meaning "Special Capital City Region".

 

See

l  Jakarta Old Town ( Kota )

l  Taman Mini Indonesia Indah

l  Museum Nasional

l  Pasar Baru

l  Monas (National Monument)

l  Textile Museum

l  Gedung Proklamasi

l  Lubang Buaya

l  Museum Sasmita Loka

l  Museum Adam Malik

l  Museum ABRI ( Military Museum )

Do
Cinema: Movie theatre are a more affordable escape at around Rp25,000 for a plush seat in any of the capital's shopping malls. Beware the heavy hand of the Indonesian censor though. The price of popcorn, drinks are exorbitant. Several cinemas also show Indian, Chinese and Indonesian movies. The largest chain of cinemas in Indonesia is 21 group. Website: 21 Cineplex.

Fitness center: Large hotels provide free fitness centers for guests. Some hotels have sauna, spa, tennis court and jogging track.

Golf: Golf is the number one pastime of the upper classes and, as so many other things here, relatively cheap by Western standards. Green fees can go as low as Rp60,000 on weekdays, although the better courses are twice that, and weekend rates are considerably steeper at Rp300,000 and up.

Bowling: The fee for a game is US$ 2.00 to US$ 3.00. Guest can rent bowling shoes etc. The length of the lanes are 32 feet.

Soccer: Do not watch any soccer match in Jakarta, because the supporters often turn into hooligans/rioters. During and after certain soccer games, foreign tourists should not go near the Senayan sports complex.

Drifting: There's a drifting circuit on top of Mal MKG

Colonial swank at Cafe BataviaJakarta has a vast range of food available if you know where to find it. In addition to selections from all over the country, you can also find excellent Chinese, Japanese and Korean food thanks to the cosmopolitan population. Longer-term visitors will wish to dig up a copy of "Jakarta Good Food Guide", although unfortunately the last edition dates from 2002. You can find Jakartan versions of many dishes, often tagged with the label betawi (Indonesian for "Batavian").

 

Sop iga sapi, beef spare rib soup that takes a simple Dutch dish and piles on Indonesian spices.

Soto betawi, coconut milk broth with beef tendons, intestines, tripe.

Kerak telor, omelette from egg cooked with glutinous rice and served with shredded coconut and a dried shrimp topping.

Ketoprak, rice roll, tofu, bean sprout, crackers in peanut sauce.

Your stomach may need an adjustment period to the local food. Due to many spices locals used in their cooking and adjustments with local bacteria, some people will need to spend time in the toilet for half a day. However, this really depends on how strong your stomach/your health is before arriving in Jakarta . Standard price on this guide: The price for one main course, white rice ("nasi putih") and one soft drink, including 21% tax and service charge.

 

Budget: The food courts of Jakarta 's shopping malls are a great way of sampling Indonesian and other food in hygienic and air-conditioned comfort. Plaza Senayan (basement), Plaza Semanggi (level 3A ), Taman Anggrek's Dapur Anggrek (level 4) all have good selections, but Mal Kelapa Gading's Food Temptation (level 3) claims to be the largest in Indonesia. Also at Mal Kelapa Gading are Gading Food City , offering a vast selection of mostly Indonesian outdoor eats with live music, and the more upscale La Piazza. There are low price set menu/packages on most budget restaurant (food and drink). Most budget restaurants have delivery service or you can call Pesan Delivery service, Tel.: (62)(21) 7278 7070. Website: Pesan Delivery. You can order take away foods from most budget restaurants. Several traditional Indonesian cuisine are too hot/too spicy for foreign tourist. On some restaurant you can ask for food without chilli: "Tidak pakai cabe". Standard price: maximum US$ 10/person.

Mid-range:. Standard price: from US$ 11/person to US$ 25/person.

Splurge: The best gourmet splurges in Jakarta are the opulent buffet spreads in the five-star hotels, which offer amazing value by international standards. Standard price: from US$ 26/person.

 

Drink

Something un- Islamic going on, PlayJakarta may be the capital of the world's largest Islamic country, but if you're the clubbing type, its nightlife is arguably among the best in Asia . From the upscale X-Lounge to the seediest discos like Stadium, Jakarta caters to all kinds of clubbers, but bring a friend if you decide to brave the seedier joints (though they tend to have the best DJs). Fans of live music, on the other hand, are largely out of luck, at least unless they're into Indonesian pop.

 

When out and about, note that Jakarta has a fairly high number of prostitutes, known in local parlance as ayam (lit. "chicken"), so much so that much of the female clientele of some respectable bars (operated by five- star hotels, etc) is on the take, and would be happy with a small payment, gift, meal or other token of appreciation for the pleasure of their company.

 

A nightlife district popular among expats is Blok M in South Jakarta, or more specifically the single lane of Jl. Palatehan 1 just north of the bus terminal, packed with pubs and bars geared squarely towards single male Western visitors. While lacking the bikini-clad go-go dancers of Patpong, the meat market atmosphere is much the same with poor country girls turned pro. Blok M is now easily accessible as the southern terminus of BRT Line 1. For a more off-the-beaten track experience, head a few blocks south to Jl. Melawai 6 (opposite Plaza Blok M), Jakarta's de-facto Little Japan with lots of Japanese restaurants, bars and (what else?) karaoke joints.

 

To hang out where Indonesia's young, rich and beautiful do, head to Plaza Indonesia's EX annex, packed full of trendy clubs and bars including Jakarta's Hard Rock Cafe. Plaza Senayan's Arcadia annex attempts to duplicate the concept, but with more of an emphasis on fine dining. The Kemang area in southern Jakarta is popular with expats and locals alike. It has numerous places to eat, drink and dance.

 

The Kota area in northern Jakarta is the oldest part of town with numerous colonial buildings still dominating the area. It is also considered to be the seediest part of town after midnight. Most karaoke bars and 'health' clubs there are in fact brothels who mostly cater to local Jakartans. Even regular discos such as Stadium and Crown have special areas designated for prostitutes. This part of town has a large ethnic Chinese population who also dominate the clubbing scene there.

 

The bulk of the clubbing scene is spread throughout Jakarta however, most usually found in officebuildings or hotels. A help of an experienced local with finding these places is recommended. Do note that nightlife in Jakarta tends to be pricey for local standards.

 

In general, dresscodes are strictly enforced in Jakarta : no shorts, no slippers. During the month of Ramadhan, all nightlife ends at midnight and some operations close for the entire month.

 

Sleep

The travel agencies at Jakarta 's airport can have surprisingly good rates for mid-range and above hotels. In Jakarta , there are several classes of hotels: Budget hotels: Melati 1, Melati 2, Melati 3 (the best). Midrange - Splurge: 1 Star, 2 Stars, 3 Stars, 4 Stars, 5 Stars (the best). The standard room rate: published rate for standard room + 21% (tax and service charge).

 

Budget: Hotels with standard room rate below US$ 25/night. Backpacker losmen can be found around Jalan Jaksa, which is close to the Gambir station, rooms starting from Rp30.000/night.

Mid-range: Hotels with standard room rate of from US$ 26/night to US$ 100/night.

Splurge: Jakarta has more than its fair share of luxury hotels, and after the prolonged post-crash hangover new ones are now going up again. Many remain good value by world prices, but opulent lobbies do not always correspond to the same quality in the room though. The standard room rate on splurge hotels are more than US$ 101/night.

 
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